Raul Lino (1879 – 1974) was a Portuguese architect, was born in Lisbon, Portugal. Son of a wholesaler for building materials, Lino studied at Windsor – England – in 1890, for three years, and then moved to Germany where he worked with Albrecht Haupt, until 1897. He returned back to Portugal to finish his degree in architecture (only finished in 1926).
Raul Lino work is focused on the theory of the Portuguese house (Caza Portuguesa). He idealized a concept of a Portuguese residential architecture, congregating planning and domestic living.
His book “Casas Portuguesas”, dedicated to his mentor Albrecht Haupt, tells about the importance of the houses being built with suitable materials, the dramatic value of correct positioning of the windows and doors, and the design of the inner space.
The landscape plays a major role for Raul Lino. The full integration of the house with the landscape is achieved with “Casa do Cipreste”, designed by the architect for his permanent house for his family.
The influence of Raul Lino upon the project seeks deeper inside, the architect designs the house according to the type of family which will live on it, seeking to understand the domestic life, and keeping a balance between dimension and details. Tiles from Bordalo Pinheiro are widely used.
Raul Lino had a special concern regarding the execution projects – he draw all the details, from the tiles (Azulejos) to the furniture. He had a tremendous care in providing his customers full draws “watercolours”, giving them a clear idea of the final output.
The architect is also a ceramist, a writer and a graphic illustrator. He was a passionate for music, he first discovered Wagner and then Bach, and wrote about the relation between music and architecture.
With more than 700 projects it’s in the area of Cascais and Sintra, that’s where we find the largest concentration of Lino’s constructions.
Some of his most important projects were:
- Casa dos Patudos – Alpiarça
- Cinema Tivoli – Lisbon
- Casa António Sérgio – Lisbon
- Casa do Cipreste – Sintra
- Casa dos Penedos – Sintra
- Casa Branca – Azenhas do Mar – Sintra
- Casa Monsalvat – Monte Estoril
There are others less known, but that reflect the architects design as well.
Casa do Cipreste – Sintra – 1912
Considered the best project of Raul Lino, composed by several units, built around the natural rock of the landscape where the house rests. Probably, any other architect would have despised the rock, but Raul Lino uses it as the most expressive element of the house.
Casa dos Penedos – Sintra – 1920
The magnificent house follows the landscape beard, it seems as the nature around grows and climbs over the house. There are several well defined spaces, of extreme richness, as well as interior and outside patios. The space is moulded trough the natural light. The light is not only used to illuminate architecture, but the light itself is architecture!
Casa Monsalvat – Monte Estoril
Designed for the musician Alexandre Rei Colaço – a pianist – Monsalvat is a magical space, and its named out of the castle built to keep the Holly Graal, the sacred cup used in the last Christ’s meal. Monsalvat is also the sacred place where the musician could create music in privacy with his family.